Disaster Preparedness: What To Do During and After Earthquake
Philippines Government Agencies
PHIVOLCS (Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology) and OCD (Office of Civil Defense) has launched Valley Fault System Atlas (VFS Atlas) and has previously warned people from affected areas about possible impending activity from the West Valley Fault. Earthquakes cannot be predicted, we encouraged the public to be a step ahead in anticipating the disaster, be prepared to learn on what should you do if an earthquake occurs.
What to do in an earthquake
For earthquake emergency assistance these are the hotlines to remember:
National Disaster and Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) hotlines: Trunklines: 911-5061 to 65; Operations Center: (02)911-1406, (02)912-2665, (02)912-5668,(02) 911-187
PHIVOLCS Trunkline: (02) 426-1468 to 79, local 124/125 (Seismology)
Red Cross Hotline: 143, (02) 527-0000, (02) 527-8385 to 95; Disaster Management Office: 134 (Staff), 132 (Manager), 133 (Radio Room)
Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) Hotline: 136
Complete List of Hotline are available here
For earthquake information, visit PHILVOC’s website at http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/
What should I do if an earthquake occurs
Protect your head with a helmet or cushion, and hide in a safe place, such as under a table. Running outside is potentially dangerous, because roof tiles and glass may fall on you.
Major aftershocks can come after the smallest earthquakes. Calmly extinguish any nearby flames.
If you are cooking, oil or boiling water may spill during the quake. Under such circumstances, you should immediately distance yourself from the oil or water and extinguish the flames after the quake stops.
Open your door and secure an escape route
Earthquakes can warp buildings, especially apartment buildings, making it impossible to open doors and escape. Open doors and windows to secure an escape route and prevent yourself from becoming trapped.
Be careful of broken glass
You may injure your feet on broken glass and other objects. Prepare a flashlight and slippers near your bed so you will be able to move safely.
Never return to your house
Once you have evacuated, never return to the house to get money or possessions. You may become trapped under debris or caught in a fire. Try to avoid entering your house until safety is confirmed.
Walk to your refuge area
Many emergency vehicles, such as fire engines and ambulances, will be using roads during disasters. Obstructing emergency vehicles immediately increases the damage caused by a disaster. Never use cars during an earthquake.
Know your evacuation area.
Avoid phone calls after a disaster
Phone line usage jumps up during disasters because of people trying to confirm the safety of themselves or others. This can obstruct emergency phone calls from government hotlines such as 117, 143, 136 and others.
Please avoid unnecessary phone calls. When you want to confirm the safety of a person make conversations as short as possible.
Calmly obtain accurate information
False rumors and information can spread during disasters, leading to further confusion. Obtain accurate information from the TV or radio and don’t get tricked by misinformation.
If you are indoors during an earthquake
1. DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn’t a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
2. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
3. Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
4. Do not use a doorway except if you know it is a strongly supported, load-bearing doorway and it is close to you. Many inside doorways are lightly constructed and do not offer protection.
5. Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Do not exit a building during the shaking. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
6. DO NOT use the elevators.
7. Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
If you are outdoors during an earthquake
1. Stay there.
2. Move away from buildings, streetlights, and utility wires.
3. Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits and alongside exterior walls.
If you are in a moving vehicle during an earthquake:
1. Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
2. Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.
If you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake:
1. Do not light a match.
2. Do not move around or kick up dust.
3. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
4. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.
What should I do in this Situation
When walking outside
Take caution against falling objects, such as signs and broken windows. Tools and construction materials can fall down at a construction site. Protect your head with your bag or coat and keep at a distance from tall buildings.
Stone walls and pillars can also fall down and are potentially dangerous.
When driving a car
Firmly hold the steering wheel, gradually reduce speed, park your car on the left side of the road, and stop the engine. Listen to information on the radio and find out what is happening. If you need to evacuate, leave your keys, keep the doors unlocked, and walk away with your car documents and valuables.
When underground or in a subway
The shaking you feel when you are underground is about half of what you would experience over ground. Additionally, underground areas have strong structures and are safer than high-rise buildings. Calmly evacuate, following instructions from shop clerks and subway staff.
When in high-rise buildings
Elevators with earthquake sensors will stop at the nearest floor. Immediately leave the elevator. If you get stuck in the elevator, use the intercom to contact someone outside and wait for rescue.
When you evacuate from buildings, never use elevators, listen to announcements, and use the stairs to leave the building.
When near the ocean
Head for higher ground and carefully listen to tsunami information. Do not go near the ocean until tsunami warnings have been cleared. Don’t even think about going to watch tsunamis!
How to Cite This Web Page
Villena, Daryll. “Infographics: What To Do During and After Earthquake”. Accessed [put the date when you accessed this page]. Available from http://www.deiville.com/infographics-what-to-do-during-and-after-earthquake-disaster-preparedness
* The above infographics is based on…
Sources: Dex Magno, MRF Bonalos and JP Carlos (ed. EagleNews), Quake Safe from www.ses.vic.gov.au, www.city.sendai.jp
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